Planta Med 2001 Jul;67(5):447-50

Improved method for the determination of oxindole alkaloids in Uncaria tomentosa by high performance liquid chromatography.

Ganzera M, Muhammad I, Khan RA, Khan IA.

National Center for Natural Products Research, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Mississippi, University, USA.

This Paper describes an improved HPLC method for the determination of pentacyclic oxindole alkaloids in Uncaria tomentosa (Cat's Claw). Six of the isomeric compounds could be baseline separated at room temperature within less than 30 min by using 3 microm C-18 column material and a mobile phase consisting of 10 mM phosphate buffer at pH 7.0 and acetonitrile. At a wavelength of 245 nm all standard compounds could be detected at concentrations as low as 0.63 microg/ml. Different samples of U. tomentosa bark and market products containing Cat's Claw were extracted with a modified procedure ensuring the integrity of the alkaloids and analyzed successfully. The results indicated accuracy and consistency of the new method, and showed variations in the total alkaloid content in products from 0.156 to 0.962%.